A Gynecologic / Pelvic Ultrasound is the preferred imagine modality in the study of the female pelvis, and provides important information in detecting and characterizing pelvic masses of uterine, ovarian, or adnexal origin. In patients with abnormal bleeding, transvaginal ultrasound helps in determining the presence of structural changes of the endometrium. Ultrasound plays a very important role in the evaluation of patients with acute pelvic pain. It allows identification of ovarian torsion, suspected ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cysts, and other pelvic conditions.
If you are having a transabdominal pelvic ultrasound, your bladder will need to be full. You’ll drink about 32 ounces —or four 8-ounce glasses— of water or another clear fluid at least 1 hour before the test. A full bladder makes your organs show up more clearly on the picture. You can use the bathroom after the procedure.
A transvaginal ultrasound is done with an empty bladder. You’ll use the bathroom before the test.